What is terrorist attack?
Terrorist attack is a surprise attack involving the deliberate use of violence against civilians in the hope of attaining political or religious aims.
Most common types of terrorist attacks are:
- Active shooter: Individuals using firearms to cause mass casualties.
- Intentional Vehicular Assault: Individuals using a vehicle to cause mass casualties.
- Improvised Explosive Device: Individuals using homemade bombs to cause mass casualties.
- Other methods of mass attacks may include knives, fires, drones, or other weapons.
How to protect yourself against a terrorist attack?
1. Stay alert. Signs might include unusual or violent communications, expressed anger or intent to cause harm, and substance abuse. These warning signs may increase over time. Observe what is going on around you and avoid distractions such as texting, listening to headphones or being on your cell phone.
2. Seek safety. Identify exits and areas of protective cover for the places you go such as work, school, and special events. In case of incident seek for the shelter urgently.
3. Cover and hide. Place a barrier between yourself and the threat using solid objects, walls, and locked doors as protection. Find any safe place and wait there until danger is over.
4. Defend yourself.
5. Help the wounded.
How to survive during the terrorist attack?
1. Pay attention to what is happening around you so that you can react quickly to attacks.
2. If there is an accessible escape path, attempt to evacuate the building or area, regardless of whether others agree to follow.
3. If evacuation is not possible, find a place to hide out of view of the attacker and if possible, put a solid barrier between yourself and the threat.
4. Keep silent. Don't reveal your location. Stay safe.
5. As a last resort, when you can’t run or cover, attempt to disrupt the attack and/or incapacitate the attacker.
7. Be aggressive and commit to your actions.
8. Take care of yourself first and then, if you are able, help the wounded get to safety and provide immediate first care.
9. When you are safe, call 112 and be prepared to provide information to the operator including location of the incident, number of injured, and details about the attacker(s).
10. If you are able, continue to provide care for wounded until first responders arrive.
11. When law enforcement arrives
- Remain calm and follow instructions.
- Keep hands visible and empty.
- Report to designated area to provide information and get help.
12. Listen to law enforcement’s messages for information about the situation. Share updates with family and friends.
13. Be mindful of your health. If needed, seek help for you and your family to cope with the trauma.